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Heilige Roomse Rijk (24 items)

 

Heilige Roomse Rijk 1 thaler 1581

1581

Versie 3
Gewijzigd: 22-05-2016 20:12:28 door Leendert
Gereviewd: 22-05-2016 20:28:33 door Leendert
Tekst voorzijde: RVDOLPHVS . II . D . G . RO . IM . S . AVG . H . BO . REX . (privy: bohemian lion right) >> RVDOLPHVS . II . D . G . RO . IM . S . AVG . H . BO . REX .
Tekst keerzijde: ARCHIDVX . AVSTRIE (privy mark: wing) DVX . BVR . MA . MO . I58I >> ARCHIDVX . AVSTRIE DVX . BVR . MA . MO . I58I
Bijzonderheden : Obverse: "Rudolph II, by the grace of God, Emperor of the Romans, Ever Augustus, King of Germany, Hungary, and Bohemia"

Reverse: "Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Margrave of Moravia, 1581"

Rudolf II (July 18, 1552, Vienna, Austria - January 20, 1612, Prague, Bohemia, now part of the Czech Republic) was King of Hungary (as Rudolf, 1572-1608), King of Bohemia (as Rudolf II, 1575-1608/1611), Archduke of Austria (as Rudolf V, 1576-1608), and Holy Roman Emperor (as Rudolf II, 1576-1612). He was a member of the Habsburg family.

Rudolf's legacy has traditionally been viewed in three ways: an ineffectual ruler whose mistakes led directly to the Thirty Years' War; a great patron of Renaissance art; and a devotee of occult arts and learning which helped seed the scientific revolution.

Rudolf was born in Vienna on July 18, 1552. He was the eldest son and successor of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, and King of Hungary; his mother was Maria of Spain, a daughter of Charles V and Isabella of Portugal.

Although raised in his uncle's Catholic court in Spain, Rudolf was tolerant of Protestantism and other religions including Judaism.

His conflict with the Ottoman Turks was the final cause of his undoing. Unwilling to compromise with the Turks, and stubbornly determined that he could unify all of Christendom with a new Crusade, he started a long and indecisive war with the Turks in 1593. This war lasted till 1606, and was known as "The Long War". By 1604 his Hungarian subjects were exhausted by the war and revolted, led by Stephen Bocskay. In 1605 Rudolf was forced by his other family members to cede control of Hungarian affairs to his younger brother Archduke Matthias. Matthias by 1606 forged a difficult peace with the Hungarian rebels (Peace of Vienna) and the Turks (Peace of Zsitvatorok). Rudolf was angry with his brother's concessions, which he saw as giving away too much in order to further Matthias' hold on power. So Rudolf prepared to start a new war with the Turks. But Matthias rallied support from the disaffected Hungarians and forced Rudolf to give up the crowns of Hungary, Austria, and Moravia to him. At the same time, seeing a moment of royal weakness, Bohemian Protestants demanded greater religious liberty, which Rudolf granted in the Letter of Majesty in 1609. However the Bohemians continued to press for further freedoms and Rudolf used his army to repress them. The Bohemian Protestants appealed to Matthias for help, whose army then held Rudolf prisoner in his castle in Prague, until 1611, when Rudolf was forced to cede the crown of Bohemia to his brother.
>> Rudolf II (July 18, 1552, Vienna, Austria - January 20, 1612, Prague, Bohemia, now part of the Czech Republic) was King of Hungary (as Rudolf, 1572-1608), King of Bohemia (as Rudolf II, 1575-1608/1611), Archduke of Austria (as Rudolf V, 1576-1608), and Holy Roman Emperor (as Rudolf II, 1576-1612). He was a member of the Habsburg family.
Muntmeesterteken: <<Leeg>> >> Vleugel (Onbekend)
Versie 2
Gewijzigd: 24-07-2015 22:15:28 door pokie
Gereviewd: 22-05-2016 20:28:33 door Leendert
Land: Bohemen
Bohemen en Moravië
Bourgondië (Hertogdom)
Duitsland
Heilige Roomse Rijk
Hongarije
Oostenrijk
>> Heilige Roomse Rijk
Titel : Holy Roman Empire 1 thaler 1581 >> Heilige Roomse Rijk 1 thaler 1581
Titel : Heiliges Römisches Reich 1 taler 1581 >> Heiliges Römisches Reich 1 Taler 1581
Titel : Saint-Empire romain 1 thaler 1581 >> Saint Empire romain 1 thaler 1581
Versie 1
Toegevoegd: 22-07-2015 17:06:50 door Tuv
Gereviewd: 22-05-2016 20:28:33 door Leendert
Item: Nieuw

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